Business year

The Helen Group's results were at the anticipated level, which was higher than in the previous year. The positive profit trend in the network business, the low market price of electricity and the increased fuel costs had a key impact on the performance. Net sales for 2017 totalled EUR 805 million (EUR 782 million) and operating profit stood at EUR 81 million (EUR 75 million). Operating profit accounted for 10.1 per cent of net sales.

Net turnover, Helen Group

Net turnover € 805 million

 %
Electricity
sale, total
33
Electricity
transmission
sale
13
District heating 48
Other returns 6

Research and development

The development of energy production focused on the planning of investments in renewable production forms and on the preparation of the decisions to be made to replace heat production in Hanasaari by year 2024.

The options for the first stage are new investments in bio-based heat production, heat pumps and the storage of heat. We are also studying versatile heat pump solutions, electric boilers, geothermal heat, replacing coal with bio-based fuels, distributed microgeneration together with the customers, increasing energy efficiency in customers' operations, and the utilisation of purchased energies and excess heat, e.g. in data centres. Solutions related to the circular economy and the utilisation of excess heat are developed together with the customers to an increasing degree.

Distribution of R&D costs

 %
End customer
products
3
Processes 2
Climate and
environment
(new solutions)
1
New business 91
Managing
assets
3

Total EUR 4,966,194.

District heat and district cooling

The overall price of district heat in Helsinki was about 24 per cent lower than the average price in the country.

District heat sales were at the previous year's level at 6,606 GWh.

The number of district heat connections continued to grow, standing at 15,289. District heat accounts for 90.9 per cent of the heated cubic volume of buildings in Helsinki.

We sold 141 GWh of district cooling energy, i.e. sales were at the previous year's level despite the exceptionally cool summer. The number of district cooling connections grew: their total number was 360 at the end of 2017.

District heat sales

GWh

 Sales
2013 6449
2014 6377
2015 6019
2016 6633
2017 6606

District heat customers

The amount of customers

 Customers
2013 14509
2014 14746
2015 14960
2016 15139
2017 15289

District heat connection power

MW

 MW
2013 3235
2014 3267
2015 3304
2016 3344
2017 3401

Electricity sales

A total of 6,167 GWh of electricity was sold. This was down by 2 per cent on the previous year.

The market price of electricity remained at a low level.

The spot price trend (Finland's area price) is presented in the graph.

Spot price, Finland's area price

Spot-hinta (Suomen aluehinta) 2013-2017

Electricity distribution

Electricity distribution in Helsinki was at the previous year's level, standing at 4,404 GWh.

Distribution of electricity consumption in Helsinki 2017

 %
Outdoor lighting 1
Services 55
Electric rail 5
Industrial 6
Housing 33

Consumption of electricity in Helsinki in total

 Consumption, GWh
2013 4414
2014 4394
2015 4317
2016 4424
2017 4404

 

Helsinki residents consumed 4,404 GWh of electricity in 2017.

Reliability of electricity distribution

 The annual interruption duration per client, minutes
2013 3.4
2014 2.4
2015 4.1
2016 1.9
2017 3.3

 

The reliability of the electricity network in Helsinki is outstanding. An electricity user in Helsinki had, on average, only one power cut lasting three minutes during the year.

Trend in microgeneration of solar power

In 2017, microgeneration of solar power increased considerably on the previous year.

 MWh
2013 2.55
2014 17.71
2015 51.35
2016 89.88
2017 241.85

Electricity production for the wholesale market

A total of 6,292 GWh of electricity was produced for the wholesale market in the power plants in Helsinki and through power assets. The share of climate-neutral production forms was 38 per cent of total electricity generation. The share of renewables increased from 15 per cent to 16 per cent.

Origin of electricity%
Coal 34
Nuclear power 22
Renewable sources 16
Natural gas 28

Origin of district heat

Source%
Coal 61
Natural gas 28
Bio 2
Oil 1
Heat pumps 8

We produced 7,082 GWh of district heat, which is almost at the same level as in the previous year.

In 2017, the share of energy we produced in mixed combustion of coal and wood pellets increased and, correspondingly, the share of natural gas production decreased. This trend, which started in 2016, is due to changes in the energy market, which have resulted in higher profitability of energy produced from coal.

The amount of energy we produce with heat pumps also increased in 2017. We produced more heat with heat pumps than ever before, 570 GWh.

We also started trial operation of the Salmisaari wood pellet heating plant towards the end of 2017. We burned more wood pellets in 2017 than before, a total of 46,000 tonnes (38,000 tonnes in 2016).

Origin of district cooling

Source%

Absorbtion

6
Sea water 4

Heat pupms

90

The production of district cooling remained at the same level as in 2016 despite the exceptionally cool summer. District cooling production amounted to 141 GWh.

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